Gastroenterology relates to the conditions connected to the digestive system and its disorders. A gastroenterologist will normally treat common and important conditions such as colon polyps and cancer, hepatitis, gastroesophageal reflux (or heartburn), colitis, biliary disease, nutritional problems, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), peptic ulcer disease, and pancreatitis.
Gynaecology is the specialty that looks after the female reproductive system. A gynaecologist applies medical and surgical therapies to treat conditions involving the uterus, cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina and vulva. Some examples are: fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cyst, endometrial polyps, irregular or heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic organ prolapse, urinary incontinence, infertility, infections, polycystic ovaries, menopause and others.
Fertility addresses issues related to reproduction and infertility in both women and men. A fertility specialist is a gynaecologist who has additional training in reproductive endocrinology and become specialised in assisting individuals and couples who wish to become parents.
Obstetrics is combined with gynaecology under the same surgical field, but it focuses on pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum period. An obstetrician looks after the pre and post-natal care and its various complications monitoring the pregnancy and dealing with some possible intercurrent diseases such as diabetes and hyper-coagulability. Obstetric emergencies include ectopic pregnancy, pre-eclampsia, placental abruption, foetal distress, shoulder dystocia, uterine rupture, prolapsed cord, obstetrical haemorrhage and puerperal sepsis.
A colorectal surgeon deals with disorders of the rectum, anus and colon and perform procedures such as: rectal prolapse surgery, small bowel resection, pilonidal surgery, anal fistula repair, haemorrhoids surgery, and etc.
Skin Cancer and Cosmetic Medicine
A general practitioner specialised in skin cancer and cosmetic medicine is the family doctor who will look after your skin cancer as well as making it available a full rejuvenation plan that includes but is not limited to injectables, fillers, etc.